The Government of India has made excellent strides in Energy Efficiency over the last 15 years since the enactment of the ground-breaking Energy Conservation Act in 2001. This Act was instrumental in the formation of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) and the State Designated Agencies (SDA) in the states. It also put in place the much-needed institutional framework for formulating energy efficiency policies and implementing them. Since then, BEE has developed the Energy Conservation Building Code, a fairly successful Standards and Labelling programme for the most energy-intensive appliances and an ambitious & innovative industrial energy efficiency programme, Perform Achieve and Trade (PAT). Another milestone is NITI Aayog’s energy scenario modelling tool India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS) 2047 which offers a platform to facilitate academic and policy discourse about potential pathways for the Indian energy sector. There is substantial potential to impact energy efficiency and reduce energy demand by 2047.
The first edition of the State Energy Efficiency Index assesses state policies and programmes aimed at improving energy efficiency in buildings, industries, municipalities, transportation, agriculture and electricity distribution (DISCOMs). The composition of the Index has been developed taking into account sector-wise energy consumption, energy saving potential and states’ influence in implementing energy efficiency. It examines states’ policies and regulations, financing mechanisms, institutional capacity, adoption of energy efficiency and the resultant energy savings achieved. The Index has 63 indicators in all, 59 across buildings, industry, municipalities, transport, agriculture and DISCOMs; and 4 cross-cutting indicators
In each sector, energy efficiency indicators have been developed to measure the impact of state initiatives in driving energy efficiency in states. The indicators are both qualitative and quantitative, which include outcome-based indicators as well to signify realisation of the intended performance outcomes, to the extent possible, for various energy efficiency policies and programs.
Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab and Rajasthan have done exceedingly well in adopting energy efficiency measures in the first ever serious attempt to map energy efficiency attained by the States. Kerala, with 77 points, leads among the States and Union Territories, followed by Rajasthan (68) and Andhra Pradesh (66.5) in the first edition of the State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index, brought out jointly by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) and NITI Aayog.
These three States together with Maharashtra and Punjab — also scored above 60 — were designated as Front Runner States in the survey, which assessed State policies and programmes aimed at improving energy efficiency in five key sectors such as buildings, industries, municipalities, transportation, agriculture and electricity distribution. The other categories were Achiever (60-50), Contender (49-30) and Aspirant (below 30).
For better comparison, the States were classified according to their energy consumption into four different groups. The Index has been developed taking into account sector-wise energy consumption, energy saving potential and States’ influence in implementing energy efficiency. The Index examines States’ policies and regulations, financing mechanisms, institutional capacity, adoption of energy efficiency measures and energy savings achieved. The Index has a total of 63 indicators — 59 across buildings, industry, municipalities, transport, agriculture and Discoms, and 4 cross-cutting indicators.